11 Feb, 2015
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General Studies, India & States,
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– Language : Telugu
– Capital : Hyderabad (temporary or ad jure capital)
– Proposed Capital : Near Vijayawada
– Chief Minister : N. Chandrababu Naidu
– Governor : E.S.L. Narasimhan
Geography and Demography
– Andhra Pradesh is a coastal state of India
– This state’s coast lies on India’s eastern side (towards Bay of Bengal)
– Andhra Pradesh’s coastline is the second longest in India (after Gujarat)
– Andhra Pradesh is one of the five southern states of India (other being Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and Telangana)
– Area-wise Andhra Pradesh is the eighth largest in India (with an area of 1,60,205 sq.km.)
– Population-wise Andhra Pradesh is the tenth largest in India (with 4.94 crore population according to the 2011 census)
– Andhra Pradesh comprises of mainly two regions – Rayalaseema (in south) and the Andhra region (coastal area and area lying near coasts)
– There are 4 districts in Rayalseema region whereas 9 coastal districts are in the Andhra region
– Rayalaseema and Andhra regions are collectively referred as “Seemandhra”, mostly by the media during the process of bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh in 2014
– Two major river systems of Andhra Pradesh are Krishna and Godavari
– Krishna and Godavari rivers combine together to make India’s second largest delta region
– Andhra Pradesh’s eastern coast is part of India’s extensive Eastern Ghats
– Nallamala, Erramallai and Palkonda are Andhra Pradesh’s major mountain ranges
– 4 states touch borders of Andhra Pradesh. These 4 states are – Odisha, Telangana, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
– Yanam, part of the union-territory of Pondicherry politically, comes under area of Andhra Pradesh geographically
– Lambasingi (in Vishakhapatnam) is the only place in South India with recorded instances of snow-fall. Its is around 3,000 ft in altitude
Polity and History
– Satavahans, Chalukyas, Ikshavakus, and Pallavas were the important dynasties of Andhra Pradesh
– Andhra Pradesh was the first state of India to be set-up on linguistic pattern (in 1953)
– Potti Sriramulu, who was fasting demanding setting up of a new state of Andhra Pradesh by including Telugu speaking areas into it, died on 16 December 1952, while on 58th day of his fast
– Death of Potti Sriramulu initiated series of violent incidents in almost all of the Telugu speaking area, resulting in announcement of formation of a new state by name of Andhra Pradesh by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on 19 December 1952
– Andhra Pradesh was subsequently formed on 1 October 1953 by including Telugu speaking areas of the erstwhile Madras Presidency
– The state has been re-organised two times since it was established on 1 October 1953
– First re-organisation of the state was done on 1 November 1956
– Under first re-organisation of 1956, the Telugu speaking areas of Hyderabad state were included in Andhra Pradesh
– Second re-organisation of the state was done on 2 June 2014 (When Telangana was carved out of it)
– Kurnool was first made capital of Andhra Pradesh, later Hyderabad became its capital after Hyderabad state was merged in Andhra Pradesh during first reorganization of 1956
– The new state of Telangana was carved out of Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014
– The act which bifurcated Andhra Pradesh in two parts is known as the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.
– With formation of Telangana ten districts were taken out of Andhra Pradesh as they became part of Telanagana
– The demand for separate state of Telangana was an old demand of people of Telangana region of the state and this is major political problem of state even now
– Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS), played important role in the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh
– Srikrishna Commission, formed to give its recommendations on formation of Telangana state, gave its report to the union govt. in 2011
– Regional political parties have always performed well in the state. In the 1980s Telugu Desam Party, established by famous cine-star of state NT Rama Rao, defeated Congress to grasp power in the state.
– YSR Congress, formed by former Chief Minister YS Rajashekhar Reddy’s son Jagan Mohan Reddy also performed well. YS Rajashekhar Reddy was a very popular Congress Chief Minister of the state who died in a tragic helicopter crash in 2009
– Important cities of Andhra Pradesh are – Vishakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Tirupati, Rajahmudry and Kakinada
– Vishakhapatnam is the largest city of Andhra Pradesh
– There are 13 districts in Andhra Pradesh at present – Anantpur, Chittoor, East Godavari, Guntur, Krishna, Kurnool, Nellore, Prakasam, Srikakulam, Vishakhapatnam, Vizianagram and YSR (Cuddapah).
– Chittoor is the southernmost district of Andhra Pradesh
– Srikakulam is the northernmost district of Andhra Pradesh
– 9 of the 13 districts of the state are coastal districts
Art, Culture and Spiritualism
– Kuchipudi is a classical dance form which originated from a village in Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the seven classical dance forms of India
– Andhra Pradesh has two traditional saree making centers after which saree names have became famous. These are Pochampally and Dharmavaram
– Venkateshwara Temple is a very famous temple of not just Andhra Pradesh but also of the whole country. This temple is situated on top of Tirumala Hills in Tirupati district of Andhra Pradesh. Venkateshwara is a form of Lord Vishnu and is popularly called Lord Balaji or Govinda.
– Venkateshwara Temple of Tirupati is known for being the temple which receives highest annual donations in the world. It is the second richest temple in India after Padmanabhaswamy Temple of Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala
– Puttaparthi, a village in South Andhra Pradesh, is headquarters of the late Sathya Sai Baba, a holy figure of the country. He breathed his last at the ‘Prashanthi Nilayam’, his headquarters in Puttaparthy. A railway station is also by the name of Prashanthi Nilayam
– Andhra Pradesh’s new year is known as Ugadi
– Lepakshi Temple in Anantpur district of Andhra Pradesh is a famous temple of the state after which state’s handicraft emporiums are named ‘LEPAKSHI’
– Burrakatha and Harikatha are famous folk devotional song forms belonging to Andhra Pradesh. Burrakatha is famous in the coastal and Telangana regions
– Guntur town is famous for its chilly market and is renowned to have the largest chilly market of Asia
– Srisailam is famous for one of the holiest temples devoted to Lord Rama
– Yadagirigutta and Simhachalam (Vishakhapatnam) are famous for Narsimha Temples
– Other famous temple of Andhra Pradesh are – Kanak Durga Temple (Vijayawada), Srikalahasti Temple (Chittoor ), Ramachandraswamy Temple (Bhadrachalam) and the Bhimavaram Temple
– Lambada, Banjara, Chenchu are famous tribes of Andhra Pradesh
– Telugu is the most prominent language of Andhra Pradesh and is spoken by about 80 per cent people residing in the state
– Telugu is a mixed form of Sanskrit and Prakrut (an earlier form of Hindi, which evolved out of Sanskrit). Vijaynagar Empire’s King Sri Krishna Deva Raya’s regime is known as the golden age of Telugu due to his immense patronage to this language
– India’s largest tiger reserve is the Nagarjuna Sagar Tiger Reserve, spread over 3,568 sq. km. of area
– Araku Valley and Anantgiri are the two hill stations of Andhra Pradesh
– Nagarjunasagar Dam, which is situated between Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh and Nalgonda district of Telangana) is the second longest dam in India. This dam is also listed as the largest dam in the world to have been built by hand masonry. The Nagarjunasagar area has been christened after Buddhist Saint Nagarjuna who lived here in Nagarjuanakonda
– Satish Dhawan Launch Station at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh (about 80 Km.from Chennai) is India’s only satellite launch station. It has been named after renowned scientist of ISRO Satish Dhawan and was earlier known as the SHAR station
– Vishakhapatnam is situated on India’s eastern coast and is the headquarters of Indian Navy’s Eastern Command
– Vishakhapatnam is Andhra Pradesh’ major port. It is India’s only natural port on Eastern coast. Other small ports of the state are Gangavaram, Krishnapatnam, Kakinada, Machilipatnam and Bheemunipatnam.
– Andhra Pradesh’s only international airport is in Vishakhapatnam
– Vishakhapatnam is also known as Vizag in popular parlance and is the most populated city of Andhra Pradesh. It is also third largest East coastal city of India after Kolkata and Chennai
– A huge cyclone called ‘Hud Hud’ devastated Vishakhapatnam in 2014
– During 2011-12 Bhimbetaka-type caves were found in the Srikakulum district of Andhra Pradesh
– Andhra Pradesh is often called the “Rice Bowl of India”
– Andhra Pradesh tops in India in production of hydro-based electricity
– Venkateshwara National park is Andhra Pradesh’s only Biosphere Reserve (situated near Tirumala Hills between Cuddapah and Chittoor districts
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