Indus Valley Civilisation – Introduction I

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15 Dec, 2014

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Harappa

What is meant by the term culture or civilization? – Archaeologists use the term ‘culture’ or ‘Civilization’ for a group of objects, distinctive in style, that are usually found together within a specific geographical area and period of time.

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The Indus Valley Civilisation is known by which other name? – Harappan Culture or Harappan Civilization

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Why the Indus Valley Civilisation is also known as the Harappan Civilisation? – Because Harappa was the first Indus Valley Civilisation site to be discovered

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The Indus Valley Civilisation is listed among the three early civilizations of the Old World. Which are the other two civilizations listed in this elite list? – Mesopotamian Civilization and the Egyptian Civilization (Some historians also add Chinese civilization in this elite list)

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Among the three early civilizations of the Old World (Mesopotamia, Egypt and Indus Valley), which was spread over the largest area? – Indus Valley Civilization (It was spread over 1.25 million kms)

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What was the broader span of the Indus Valley Civilisation? – From 3300 B.C. to 1300 B.C.

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What was the mature period of the Indus Valley Civilisation, i.e., the period during which this civilization reached its zenith as far as its development is concerned? – From 2600 B.C. to 1900 B.C.

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The Indus Valley Civilisation is kept in which broader classification according to its era? – Bronze Age

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What were the most distinct features of the Indus Valley Civilisation? – High level of urban planning, use of baked bricks in construction, highly efficient drainage and water supply systems and apart from presence of residential buildings the existence of large non-residential building too

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Which was the first Indus Valley Civilisation site to be discovered? – Harappa

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The ruins of Harappa were discovered for the first time by which British officer? – Charles Masson (in 1842)

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What was the name of the first Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) who discovered large amount of brick quarries around Harappa? – Sir Alexander Cunningham (He discovered large deposits of baked bricks around Harappa during laying of the railway track between Karachi and Lahore in 1856)

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Who is often known as the father of Indian archeology? – Sir Alexander Cunningham

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Who discovered and published the first seal found around Harappa? – Sir Alexander Cunningham (During 1872-75)

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The formal discovery of Harappa was done in which year? – 1921

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Who was the Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) when the discovery of Harappa was made? – Sir John Hubert Marshall

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Harappa is situated on the banks of which river? – Ravi River (in Punjab Province of Pakistan)

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Which Indian archaeologist is generally associated with the discovery of Harappa in 1921? – Daya Ram Sahni (along with another Indian archaeologist Madho Sarup Vats)

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In which year was the city of Mohenjo-daro discovered? – in 1922

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Which Indian archaeologist is generally associated with the discovery of Mohenjo-daro? – Rakhaldas  Banerji (also known as Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyaya)

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Mohenjo-daro is situated on the banks of which river? – Indus River (Sindh province of Pakistan)

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In which year a formal announcement about discovery of the highly urbanized civilization of Indus Valley was made by Sir John Hubert Marshall? – 1924 (This discovery mainly comprised of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro)

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Previous Responses on This Article

  1. satish hirekar says:

    Excellent sir but need more topic to be covered and provide more detail

  2. ArpitGupta says:

    awesome sir

  3. 44903 says:

    sound gud

  4. SHAMW says:

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  5. Sanju Verma says:

    jst waiting for this section only…….
    thnxs for this sir……

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