Indus Valley Civilisation – Introduction II

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14 Mar, 2015

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great-Bath-Mohenjodaro

What is the physical expansion or spread of Indus Valley Civilization? – This civilization spread from Sutkagendor (Balochistan, Pakistan) in West to Alamgirpur (UP, India) in the East and from Manda (Jammu) in North to Dayamabad (Maharashtra) in South

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What is the general shape formed by the expansion of Indus Valley Civilization? – Triangle or V (When we consider all the areas which came under the expanse of this civilization, we get a shape similar to a triangle)

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Which were the most important settlements associated with the Indus Valley Civilization? – Harappa, Mohenjo-daro, Dholavira, Mehrgarh, Lothal, Kalibangan, Banawali, Chanhudaro and Ganeriwala

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Which feature is considered as the most unique feature of settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization? – The development of urban centres in these settlements

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Most of the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization have been divided into two sections. Which two sections are these? – Citadel area and the Lower Town area (Citadel area was small but higher while Lower Town area was larger but lower than Citadel area)

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What is the literal meaning of Mohenjo-daro (in Sindhi language)? – ‘Mound of the Dead’

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Which is the best known and the most important spot in Mohenjo-daro? – “The Great Bath”

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In which year was the Great Bath of Mohenjo-daro discovered? – 1926

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What are the broad physical dimensions of the Great Bath of Mohenjo-daro? – 180 feet x 108 feet (However, its main bathing area was 39 feet in length, 23 feet wide and around 8 feet in depth)

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What is believed to be the main purpose of the Great Bath? – For special religious functions and rituals

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What are some important physical features of the Great Bath of Mohenjo-daro? – Use of tight fitted bricks and layer of bitumen for making it water tight, use of hole for probably draining out the bath and a well near it for probably supplying water to it

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The famous bronze statuette of the dancing girl was found from which place? – Mohenjo-daro (1926)

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Mohenjodaro-Dancing-Girl

Who discovered the statuette of the dancing girl from Mohenjo-daro? – Earnest John Henry Mackay (British historian and archaeologist)

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What are the important features of the dancing girl from Mohenjo-daro? – It is around 10.5 cm tall, made of bronze, is wearing necklace and large number of bangles in her left hands and is without clothes

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What is a special feature of the girl from Mohenjo-daro? – Although she is standing but is called a dancing girl by historians based on the assumption of her profession

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What was the significance of the discovery of the statuette of the dancing girl from Mohenjo-daro? – It led to two important revelations about the Indus Valley Civilization: first that they knew metal blending, casting and other sophisticated methods, and secondly that entertainment, especially dance was part of the culture

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