Western Flowing Rivers of India – Luni, Ghaggar, Chambal

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09 Sep, 2015

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General Studies, Geography,

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Luni River

Which is the most prominent desert river of India? – Luni (It is the only major desert river of India)

Luni River is associated with which state of India? – Rajasthan (It is also the most prominent river of Rajasthan state)

Which is the originating point of Luni River? – The Aravalli Range (The river emerges from Pushkar Valley of this mountain range near Ajmer)

What is the ancient Sanskrit name of Luni River? –‘Lavanvari’ (Which means full of salt or ‘lavan’ as Luni stands out for its highly saline water

Luni River is known by which name at the start of its journey? – Sagarmati River

Which is the major tributary of Luni River? – Sarsuti (Sarsuti merges into Luni and from this place it gets its popular name of Luni)

What is the approximate length of Luni River? – Around 500 km

What is the general flowing direction of Luni River? – From North-East to South-West

What is an important feature associated with Luni River? – This river instead of merging into the ocean, ends its journey in the marshy region of Rann of Kutchh in Gujarat

What is the general nature of Luni River? – It is generally a season river and generally flows in the Monsoon season (It is also comparatively a much shallow river)

Ghaggar-RiverGhaggar River

Which is the only major river to flow through Haryana? – Ghaggar River

What is the originating point of Ghaggar River? – Shivalik Hills (Himachal Pradesh)

Which is the other river with which the Ghaggar River forms a joint river-system? – Hakra River

What is the salient feature of Ghaggar-Hakra river system? – The river of this system is known as Ghaggar before Ottu Barrage (in Haryana) and afterwards is known as Hakra

Which ancient Vedic river has been identified with the Ghaggar-Hakra river system by numerous historians? – Saraswati (Historians such as Max Muller and M.A. Stein had accepted the fact that the Vedic Saraswati River and today’s Ghaggar-Hakra river system were the same)

Ghaggar River dries up in which region of Rajasthan? – Thar Desert

Chambal River

Which is the only major river passing through Rajasthan which is perennial in nature? – Chambal River

What is the originating point of Chambal River? – Singar Chouri Peak in Vindhya Range near Indore (Madhya Pradesh)

Chambal River is the tributary of which major river? – Yamuna

Chambal River flows through how many states? –  Three (Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh)

Which are the major dams situated on Chambal River? – Gandhi Sagar Dam (on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan) and Rana Pratap Sagar Dam (in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan)

Which major city is situated on Chambal River? – Kota (Rajasthan)


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