Western Flowing Rivers of India – I (Narmada River)

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17 Sep, 2017

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  • What is the distinct feature of India’s Western flowing rivers? – They flow from the Eastern direction towards West and there is not so much proliferation of these rivers (i.e., their number is not very significant as compared to India’s Eastern flowing rivers)

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Which are the most important Western flowing rivers of India? – Narmada, Tapti (or Tapi), Sabarmati and Mahi

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What is the major difference between India’s Western flowing rivers and Eastern flowing rivers? – Western flowing rivers are bereft of deltas whereas Eastern flowing rivers make large deltas on their way to the ocean (This is largely due to the fact that Western flowing rivers pass through many gorges, V-shaped valleys and they are swifter than their Eastern counterparts)

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Western flowing rivers of India usually merge into which oceanic entity? – The Arabian Sea (Hence western flowing rivers in India are also called as the rivers falling into or flowing towards the Arabian Sea)

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Which is India’s longest Western flowing river? – Narmada (With a length of around 1300 Km, it is the fifth largest river of the Indian subcontinent)

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What was an ancient name of Narmada, which was mentioned in some old scriptures? – Rewa

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What is a distinct feature of Narmada River as far as its location is concerned? – This river is generally perceived as the geographic barrier between North India and South India

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Which is the originating point of Narmada River? – Narmada Kund at Amarkantak, situated in the Maikal Range (Border of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh)

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Narmada River passes through how many Indian states before falling into the Arabian Sea? – Four (Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat)

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In which state Narmada has its maximum length? – Madhya Pradesh (1,077 km.)

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Which famous falls are situated on Narmada River? – Dhuandhara Falls and Bhedaghat Falls (Madhya Pradesh)

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Narmada River passes through which two famous mountain ranges? – Vindhya Range and Satpura Range

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A large portion of Narmada River flows through which type of valley? – V-shaped Valley

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Which plateau lies to the north of Narmada River? – Plateau of Malwa

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Which huge dam has been built over the Narmada River? – Sardar Sarovar Dam (The foundation stone of the dam project was laid out by the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 5 April 1961 while it was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on on 17 September 2017)

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Where is Sardar Sarovar Dam situated?in Navagam (Gujarat)

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Recent News update 

Sardar Sarovar Dam Inaugurated

1) Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Sardar Sarovar Dam – the world’s second biggest dam in Gujarat on 17 September 2017. The foundation stone of this massive dam was laid in which year? – 1961

Explanation: The foundation stone of the Sardar Sarovar Dam on Narmada River was laid by the then Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru nearly six decades ago, on 5 April 1961. But, the construction began only in 1987. Still it took three decades to be completed. It is the second biggest dam in the world after the Grand Coulee Dam in the United States. This dam project is also the biggest in terms of volume of concrete used in it.

 Sardar Sarovar Dam is built on the Narmada River and is situated near Navagam in Gujarat.  It is the largest of the 30 dams planned on Narmada and is part of the Narmada Valley Project.  The total installed capacity of the power facilities of the dam is 1,450 MW. The height of the dam is 138.68 m. The initial height was just 88 m but was raised numerous times. It is 1.2 km in length and has a depth of 163 m. Its final storage capacity was raised to 4.73 million cubic metres (MCM) from the existing 1.27 million cubic metres.

 The dam was formally inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 17 September 2017 on the occasion of his 67th birthday. The power generated from the dam would be shared among three states – Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat while in addition to these 3 states Rajasthan will also get water from it. About 57% of the electricity produced from the dam goes to Maharashtra, while Madhya Pradesh gets 27% and Gujarat gets 16%.

 The project has been mired in several controversies ever since its foundation stone was laid. The Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) led by social activist Medha Patkar has been protesting against the project raising several environmental concerns. In 1996, the construction work was suspended following a stay by the Supreme Court.


Which four states are receiving water and electricity supplied from the Sardar Sarovar Dam? – Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra and Rajasthan

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Narmada River falls into the Arabian Sea through which bay situated in Gujarat? – Bay of Cambay

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Which famous temple towns are situated on the banks of Narmada River? – Omkareshwar and Maheshwar (both in Madhya Pradesh)

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Which are the major cities situated on the banks of Narmada River? – Jabalpur, Hoshangabad, Dewas (all 3 in Madhya Pradesh) and Bharuch (Gujarat)

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Additional info on Narmada

  • Which is India’s first electricity driven River-linking project? – Narmada-Kshipra Simhastha Link.
  • To Know: Narmada water is lifted from Sisliya reservoir in Indore district upto the starting point of Kshipra river, and is released into an attractive pit. Narmada water reaches the starting point of Kshipra river through a ten kilometre long concretised canal.

 

Benefits of project

  • For the first time Kshipra received auspicious water from which river for Simhastha sanan 2016 at Ujjain? Narmada
  • The five cusecs of Narmada water released into the starting point of Kshipra river, ensures availability of water during recently held Simhastha at Ujjain.
  • Will meet existing and future drinking water requirements of Ujjain and Dewas cities.
  • It will also fulfil water requirements of Dewas-based industries, suburban drinking water requirements of Dewas-Indore Road and over 150 villages situated between the starting point of Kshipra River and Ujjain city.
  • Release of Narmada water into Kshipra River will also recharge and increase groundwater table in the region. As a result, ample water will be available in wells, tube-wells and ponds. Power consumption on lifting water will come down when water level goes up.

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