Climate of India

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23 Aug, 2016

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General Studies, Geography,


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Climate-of-India-2016

1) Climate – What is meant by the term ‘Climate’?

Climate basically refers to the sum total of weather conditions and variations over a large area for a long duration of time (Changes in Climate are not sudden and take a long duration of time as we are presently experiencing Climatic changes due to Global Warming)

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2) Weather – What is meant by the term ‘Weather’? – Weather is the state of atmosphere over an area at any point of time (Say the weather of Delhi on a particular day. It can change suddenly due to quick rains, storm, etc.)

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3) What are the elements that affect both Climate and Weather? – Atmospheric pressure, humidity, precipitation (rains), temperature, wind, etc.

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4) Which term is often used to describe the climate of India?Monsoon (India is described as a Monsoon-type country)

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5) The term Monsoon is derived from which language?Arabic (Monsoon is derived from the Arabic word ‘Mausim’ which means season)

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6) The term ‘Monsoon’ basically refers to which phenomena?The seasonal reversal in the direction of the winds during a year

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7) Who were the first persons to have noticed the phenomena of Monsoon in India?The sailors who came to the country in historic times (They benefited from the reversal of the wind system as they came by sailing ships at the mercy of winds)

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8) Which are the 6 factors that influence the climate of any place?a) Latitude of the place b) Altitude of the place c) Distance from the Sea d) Wind and Pressure System at the place e) Relief Features of the place and f) The State of Ocean Currents in the place

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9) The climate of India can broadly be classified in which one category?Tropical or Sub-tropical country

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10) What is one distinct feature of India’s climate?Very wide diversity (From Tropical regions to rain forests to hot deserts to Alpine Tundra regions to plains, incredible diversity is found in India)

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