Indian Constitution Intro – 1

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01 Sep, 2015

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What is meant by Constitution? – Constitution is a document that defines the relationship between the Legislature, the Executory and the Judiciary and their relationship with citizens of a country in a democratic set-up (It is thus helpful to enable the Govt. to work in a systematic manner)

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What is the basic nature of the Indian Constitution? – It is a written Constitution

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As a written Constitution, what is an important fact associated with it? – It is the largest written Constitution in the World (It comprises of around 80,000 words)

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Which important country has unwritten Constitution? – Great Britain

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Which country’s Constitution is perceived as the smallest written Constitution amongst important countries? – USA (The original Constitution of the USA had just around 4,400 words while at present it has around 8,000 words)

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What was the original extent of Indian Constitution? – It comprised of 22 Parts, 395 Articles and 8 Schedules

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What is the present extent of the Indian Constitution? – It comprises of 25 Parts, over 450 Articles and 12 Schedules

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Why we need to study several British acts associated with India to understand Indian Constitution? – Because during their Indian rule, the British had constituted several acts that actually led to the path for Indian Constitution and a huge part of Indian Constitution is actually taken from these several British acts and legal provisions

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Which act initiated the British rule in India? – The Regulating Act, 1773

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Which act transferred the powers to rule India from East India Company to the British Crown? – Govt. of India Act, 1858

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Govt. of India Act, 1858 led to the creation of which service of upmost important as far as country’s governance is concerned? – The Indian Civil Service (ICS)

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Which British act led to constitution of Legislative Councils in the country and is perceived as an essential landmark in the constitutional and political arena of the country? – Indian Councils Act, 1961

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Which British act led to the formation of Provincial Legislatures in the country apart from increasing the powers of the Legislative Councils? – Indian Councils Act, 1892 (This act led to the participation of Indians in the legislatures. However, this participation was only of symbolic value)

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Which British act is often known as Morley-Minto Reforms Act? – Indian Councils Act, 1909

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Which British act is often known as Montague-Chelmsford Reforms Act? – Government of India Act, 1919

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The largest part of the Indian Constitution has been sourced from which British act? – Government of India Act, 1935

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India achieved freedom from which Act? – Government of India Act, 1947

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