Constituent Assembly of India

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15 Sep, 2015

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The entity which drafted the constitution of India is popularly known as – The Constituent Assembly

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Which mission/committee paved the way for establishment of the Constituent Assembly? – Cabinet Mission, 1946 (Comprising of 3 members of the British Cabinet – Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander)

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The Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946 was implemented on which date? – 16 May 1946

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The members of Constituent Assembly were elected through which procedure? – Indirect election by the members of the Provincial Legislative Assemblies, according to the scheme recommended by the Cabinet Mission

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How many members were there in the original Constituent Assembly that was constituted according to the scheme recommended by the Cabinet Mission? – 389

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What was the original composition of the Constituent Assembly? – (i) 292 members were elected through the Provincial Legislative Assemblies (ii) 93 members represented the Indian Princely States and (iii) 4 members represented the Chief Commissioners’ Provinces

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The elections for Provincial Legislative Assemblies were completed by August 1946. Of the total 292 members elected, how many seats were shared by Congress and the Muslim League? – Congress 208 seats, Muslim League 73 seats

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On which date the interim Government of India was formed through the members of the Constituent Assembly? – 2 September 1946

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Who was elected as the Prime Minister of this interim Govt. of India? – Jawaharlal Nehru

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The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on which date? – 9 December 1946

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What was the venue of the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly? – The Central Hall of Parliament House, New Delhi (It was then known as the Constitution Hall)

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How many members were present in the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly? – 208

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The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly started exactly at what time? – 11 a.m.

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Who was the temporary Chairman of the Constituent Assembly? – Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha (He was introduced as the temporary Chairman by Acharya Kripalani)

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Why a reconstituted Constituent Assembly was needed for India? – Because many Muslim members (belonging primarily to the Muslim League) withdrew from the Constituent Assembly citing non-redressel of the problems of Muslim community

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A separate Constituent Assembly was set up for Pakistan by which plan? – The Mountbatten Plan of 1947 (Pakistan’s Constituent Assembly was established on 3 June 1947. The Mountbatten Plan also recommended giving Independence to India and separation of Pakistan from India)

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How many members were there in the reconstituted Constituent Assembly? – 299 (It comprised of 229 members from Provinces and 70 members from Indian States)

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Which Province had largest number of members in the Constituent Assembly? – United Provinces (55 members)

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Which Indian State (princely state) had largest number of members in the Constituent Assembly? – Mysore (It had 7 members. It was followed by Travancore with 6 members)

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When the first meeting of the reconstituted Constituent Assembly of India held? – 31 December 1947

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When the Constituent Assembly met for the first time as a sovereign body and successor to the British parliament’s authority in India? – 14 August 1947

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